The 12 Tribes of Israel
"Son of man, the citizens of Jerusalem (the Jews) are telling the rest of the House of Israel, that since they were sent away from God, that it is to them that the land has been given as their domain. Say therefore, The Lord says this: 'Yes, I have sent them far away among the nations, and I have dispersed them to foreign countries...but I will gather them together from among the peoples, I will bring them all back from the countries where they have been scattered 
and I will give them the land of Israel." 
Most of us, when we hear the word 'Israel', think only of the Jews. But from the beginning the Jews have had to share this title with a great many others, because in scripture the House of Israel consists of twelve tribes and the Jews are just one of those twelve. 
It is the same with the word 'Hebrew' -- the term describes twelve tribes, not just one. Everything that is written in the Old Testament was written for the House of Israel as a group, not just for a single tribe. 
Understanding this is a major key to understanding the Bible. And as we shall see in the descriptions that follow. 
And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces: And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) 
The clan of Judah rose to dominance over the other tribes of Israel when the Hebrew leaders of Ephraim proved unworthy. And the Jews gained complete control over the Mosaic religion when the Israeli nation divided and fell apart because of sin. Attacked and taken away into foreign captivity by Assyria, ten of the twelve Hebrew tribes vanished from history. By the time Jesus was born, only a small remnant of two tribes remained in the Holy Land. The others had all disappeared -- molded into the genetic infrastructure of the human race. With their disappearance, the Jewish remnant that remained in Palestine came to the conclusion that they were the sole beneficiaries of all of God's promises to the House of Israel. 
But the prophet Ezekiel told them no. They were simply the last tribe to go into Babylon's exile. Ezekiel scolded the Jews for their arrogance in trying to usurp the covenant. He told them in no uncertain terms (see chapter heading) that all twelve of Israel's tribes were going to share equally in the fulfillment of scripture's promise. 
Ezekiel put the Jews on notice that the missing Hebrew tribes were not missing as far as God was concerned. Jeremiah agreed. "In those days", Jeremiah said, "the House of Judah will unite with the House of Israel; together they will come from the land of the north to the land I gave your ancestors as a heritage." (Jer.3:18). 
The Jewish leaders did not believe these predictions because they could not see how those vanished tribes could ever be recovered. The missing tribes of Israel had entirely disappeared. Their genetic identity had evaporated completely and seemed irretrievably lost. 
The Jewish scholars could not conceive a divine intervention powerful enough to restore these missing people, because the lost tribes had become indistinguishable from the Gentiles into whose stock they had disappeared. 
For this reason, the Jews steadfastly see themselves as the sole beneficiaries of all the ancient promises in scripture concerning the House of Israel. Scripture had long predicted a royal lineage for the tribe of Judah and the rabbi's translated that to mean exclusivity. There were so many prophecies all seeming to say the same thing, who could deny it? But all those prophecies of royalty were for Yeshua, not the Jews. It was not the roots that were royal but the One who sprang from them. The royal heir was Yeshua, the Christ -- the princely Son of the Almighty King. 
The name 'Israel' means 'rebel'. It was the name the Lord gave to Jacob because he rebelled against God by fighting against an angel. Jacob, the son of Isaac, was Abraham's grandson. He sired twelve sons. Their names were, in the order of their ages: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph and Benjamine. 
These were the men whose descendants were to form ten of the twelve tribes of Israel. Two were removed. One to perpetuate the priesthood, and the other to sire two grandsons who were later added in. Out of jealousy, the brothers conspired against young Joseph and sold him into slavery. He was taken in chains to Egypt, where he rose to a position of great authority, becoming a personal friend of the Egyptian Pharaoh who put him in charge of the Egyptian grain stores. A skillful administrator, Joseph filled the Egyptian silo's to overflowing, staving off a disastrous famine that engulfed all the other nations of the Middle East. Later reconciled with his family (after they came looking for something to eat), his father, Jacob (Israel) elevated Joseph to patriarchy status, and promoted Joseph's two sons, Ephraim and Manesseh to positions of equality with his own sons. 
This completed the formation of Jacob's 12 tribes. 
In response to his rebellion against the angel, God changed Jacob's name to 'Israel', and, as a result, his eleven sons became known preferentially as the 'House of Israel' rather than the 'House of Jacob' (which is used as an occasional alternative by various prophets). 
The name 'Israel', therefore, is symbolic. It means 'house of rebellion'. And it stands for a nation that made war against God by rebelling against His will, but which was allowed to survive by the mercy of God. The name, therefore, has two derivatives, rebellion and mercy. The people of Israel were born into rebellion because of Adam's sin and they have gained their life only through the mercy of the forgiveness offered by Jesus Christ. A symbol of that forgiveness can be found in Israel's true name, 'Jacob'. That is why references to this name appear in many prophecies. They are synonymous with an 'Israel' reconciled to God and restored to its former status. This is a reconciliation that can only take place in Yeshua The Christ.
Because of our birth into Adam's sin, we all share a common relationship with Israel -- having been born into a life of rebellion against God . Despite that fact, we have been allowed to regain our lives through repentance and conversion into the sanctifying grace of Yeshua Christ who paid the penalty for this sin in all of our names. 
Jacob's fight against the angel duplicated man's warfare with God; and God's mercy to Jacob mirrored the reconciliation offered to mankind through Yeshua Christ. For his struggle against the angel, Jacob received the name 'Israel', and that name has been passed down into all of his descendants -- and all, like Israel, have been offered the opportunity to extricate themselves from the battlefield and reconcile themselves with God. 
We might gather from this that everyone in the world belongs to the House of Israel in a spiritual way, but Yeshua, Himself, has declared otherwise: "If God were your father, you would love me, since I have come here from God...I was sent by him. 
Do you know why you cannot take in what I say? It is because...the devil is your father, and you prefer to do what your father wants." (Jn.8:42-44). Not everyone belongs to God. The salvation of those that do -- the 'lost' Israelites hidden in the deepest recesses of the world's population -- is one of the most important themes of scripture. 
Anyone who accepts the sanctifying grace offered to the world by God through Yeshua Christ comes into unity with these twelve tribes and proves that he is a true part of God's Israel in heaven. For many are called, but few are chosen. 
One of the most important questions we have tried to learn from Yeshua is whether or not the ingathering is genetic or spiritual. And he said unto me, Son of man, go, get thee unto the house of Israel, and speak with my words unto them. For thou art not sent to a people of a strange speech and of an hard language, but to the house of Israel;  Not to many people of a strange speech and of an hard language, whose words thou canst not understand.  This verse seems to indicate it is a physical people. Are the people of God determined by DNA or by any other genetic facto? Does God have favorite people? Is there is a divine race? Or only a divine behavior? Will the missing Hebrew tribes, scattered among the people of the North, be recovered by God, by genetic tracking, or through faith in a preached Gospel? 
Yeshua said our enemies would be members of our own families -- people who share our own genetic lineage. (Mt.10:34-36). And this applies to Jews as well as to pagans. 
Is there no such thing, then, as a 'divine gene'. If so, this will be seen most clearly at the End when the Jews in Jerusalem divide into two camps. Will the Jews who are saved be saved by their faithfulness to the commandments of God -- or by the fact they are Jewish. 
The true House of Israel are those who hear and obey the voice of God. "Those who do not love me do not keep my words." (Jn.14:24). Yeshua told the Jews that those who do not obey His commandments do not belong to God (Jn.8:47), proving that obedience to the Gospel is the actual measure that divides the true House of Israel from the civilization ruled by Satan.
"Glory to him who is able to give you the strength to live according to the Good News I preach, and in which I proclaim Yeshua Christ, the revelation of a mystery kept secret for endless ages, but now so clear that it must be broadcast to gentiles everywhere to bring them to the obedience of faith." (Rom.16:25-26). 
The people of the ingathering, therefore, are those who listen to Christ's words: "I told you, listen to my  voice; carry out all my orders, then you shall be my people and I will be your God." (Jer.11:4). 
The lost tribes of Israel can be seen today only through Christian conversions. If there are eleven different tribes of Israel pursuing Yeshua, it only stands to reason that they will all manifest themselves by obeying the voice of the one true shepherd. 
"See, then, that the days are coming -- it is God who speaks -- when people will no longer say, 'As God lives who brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt!', but, 'As God lives  who brought the sons of Israel out of the land of the North and back from all the countries to which he had scattered them'." (Jer.16:14-15). 
Jesus has initiated a rescue of the scattered lost tribes of Israel from all across the earth and recalled them to God's Jerusalem in heaven -- just as scripture promised He would. 
Christians must see themselves in the context of this return; not as sole heirs like the Jews do, but as a family of heirs -- a family with a great many brothers and sisters all committed to the same master. 
As far as the Jews are concerned all these other vanished Israelites have been lost and forsaken forever. But the Bible tells a different story: "God is going to abandon them till the time when she who is to give birth, gives birth. Then the remnant of his brothers will come back to the sons of Israel". (Micah 5:2-3). 
The reason why so many Christians do not see themselves in the context of these mysterious charter members of the original House of Israel is that most do not realize that most of God's Hebrews were not Jewish -- only 1/12th of Israel's people were of Jewish descent. 
Just after the death of Solomon, a political schism occurred, dividing Israel into two 'houses' -- one house, the north, included the ten northern tribes and the House of the south, only Judah and Benjamin. The 'House' that disappeared into the gentile North was immense -- it started out at least 10 times larger than the tribe of Judah. 
Anyone who has ever worked with genealogies knows that when they track an ancestor who lived even just 300 years ago, they discover a network of descendants from that single source large enough to fill the pages of a telephone book. 
By the same token, the genetic descendants of those 11 tribes, ten of which disappeared 2700 years ago, and which numbered at least a million people then, have to be infinitely more vast at this point. 
The ingathering may or may not be genetically based, but the template of the scattering is genetic, and it points overwhelmingly to a massive hidden community scattered across every part of the earth. It is in this immense gene pool that now touches almost every living person on the planet, that the physical and spiritual House of Israel has its roots. The reference made by Yeshua that his sheep, the lost of the House of Israel will recognize his voice seems to indicate some hidden reflection that these will know him. To say that the 144,000 virgins who stand with him are not the bloodline of the actual tribes would be taking a broad step. 
For the ones who feel that the House of Israel is a metaphor for the Christians who have accepted him and the bloodline is only symbolic have to understand why the separation of the wheat and the tares. Who has the devil planted in with the wheat? If it was for everyone why are the tares thrown out. They have grown together, apparently unrecognizable to us, but not to 
God. Do the tares know they are tares? Are they trying to sneak in through the back door? Is this why Jesus said go not unto the gentiles, but to the lost sheep of the House of Israel?
We have already examined the Jewish claim that all of God's promises were for their tribe alone. Their genetic lobbying with respect to this claim has been so intense (and supported by so many) that most Christians today tend to view themselves as a kind of '13 th tribe' of Israel, bound to the Jews as an 'adopted' son of Abraham -- a sort of second class citizen of God on earth. 
Does genetics play a part in the determination of God's people? It is true that gentiles were given a way to become a part of the House of Israel through a Jewish graft, so God could bypass the gene pool and open up His offer of salvation to the entire human race? Or, was it that the House of Israel had become through their scattering so ingrained in the whole human race that through their lineage they have offered the whole world salvation. The Bible eludes to the fact that the spiritual descendants of Abraham are the seeds of the promise. However, in the context of the scripture who is it talking about? Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
The father of us all is clearly referring to the family of God. Paul was a Benjamite. Abraham was not the father of the world, but of the children of the promise. , You only have I known of all the families of the earth: There were many other families in the world when Abraham came from the land of Ur. For those who believe in the genetics of God, the ten missing tribes form a key element of the prophecy. One they cannot discount. Scripture dictated the terms which Jesus had to follow in order for His appearance to be legal according to Hebrew Law. In the same way, the prophets dictated a return based on the framework of the lost tribes. And the return has followed that format -- though it could be interpreted as occurring spiritually, not physically. 
So what seems at first glance to be a group of genetic outsiders (i.e., gentiles and pagans) rising up to administer the highest offices in God's new covenant, turns out on closer inspection to be otherwise, i.e., the original House of Israel. 
A great many of these Christians are actually missing members of the original House of Israel in disguise -- a disguise so perfect they are unknown to anyone except to God. The only proof of their camouflage, the fruits that emanate from their new lives in Christ. 
No one knows whether new Christian sects began from truly gentile roots or began from a hidden member of one of the missing tribes of Israel. Perhaps no one will ever know. Have all been combined, and made equal in the eyes of God who has restructured this entire division into just two groups? 
Because of Yeshua, the two 'Houses' of Israel in prophecy must now be seen, not as the tribes of the north and the tribes of the south, but rather in terms of Christians and Jews. The Christians form one of these two houses of Israel, and the Jews the other. 
That relationship can be seen in the prophecy of John. The Book of Revelation has divided the 'saved' into two groups. (Rv.7:2-17). The first group, the "144,000" (Rv.7:4), lists the members saved from each of the twelve tribes. 
The second group of saved (the actual gentiles or pagans) is so vast, that John cannot even count it. (Rv.7:9). 
It is important to remember that numbers given in scripture may be symbolic figures. The real numbers may be sealed in metaphor. The remnant of just one of these tribes, the Jews, for instance, lists vastly more than 12,000 people even now. But even so I wouldn't discount the absolute number as stated.
The Jewish population in the world today measures about 18 million. Nine million Jews alone were massacred by Adolph Hitler. And neither of these figures comes close to the number of Jews born since the days of Jacob. Further, no one can really say what the Jewish population will be in Israel when Jesus returns. One thing is certain though: if we were to literally count only 12,000 of them as saved, virtually none of the people listed above would be included.
So we probably will see these salvation figures concerning the twelve tribes of Israel as metaphoric. Vastly more than 144,000 may be involved, but the true number remains a secret. 
The second group of 'saved' in John's revelation do not come from the twelve tribes of Israel at all, or did they? These are the gentiles who converted to Yeshua when they heard His word preached to them. These are the 'foreigners' who have been "grafted on". "After that I saw a huge number, impossible to count, of people from every nation, race, tribe and language; they were standing in front of the throne and in front of the Lamb, dressed in white robes and holding palms in their hands." (Rv.7:9). 
In heaven, both of these groups will be united in the one Yeshua Christ, since both have had to go through the great persecution together. (Rv.7:14-17). 
The relationship between the 12 tribes of Israel, the world and God's salvation is based on a template of twelve different tribes. God has extended His offer to everyone. To tribes and gentiles alike. Scripture has made it clear that not only does God intend to bring back all the lost tribes from the north, but that Gentiles, too, will be allowed to join them as equals: 'If one of your brethren becomes poor, and falls into poverty among you, then you shall help him, like a stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you.(But no sojourner had to lodge in the street,  For I have opened my doors to the traveler);"   I shall say to a people that was not mine, 'you are my people', and to a nation I never loved, 'I love you'. Instead of being told, 'you are no people of mine', they will now be called the sons of the living God." (Hos.2:1, Rom.9:25).
Speaking for God, the prophet Isaiah echoed Hosea's prediction: "Foreigners who have attached themselves to God to serve him and to love his name...these I will bring to my holy mountain...for my house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples." (Is.56:3-8). 
Concluded Isaiah: "I am coming to gather the nations of every language." (Is.66:18). These statements illustrate quite clearly that the salvation of God was meant, not just for the Jews and not just for the twelve tribes of the House of Israel, but for the entire world. As Satan has tried to pollute the lineage of Yeshua Christ to thwart salvation, God has sent his people (family)  into the world not to destroy but to redeem the world and mankind. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast. And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD.
Isaiah said that the message of the Lord would go out to all the nations, even to the distant islands across the sea, so that people who had never even heard of the God of Israel would have His love preached in their hearing. (Is.66:19). 
With the proclamation of the Gospel of Yeshua, the world has witnessed all these prophecies come true. God had purposely scattered the House of Israel throughout the world so that His offer of reconciliation and peace could be made to all people everywhere -- not just so that the missing tribes could be saved, but so that all people on earth might be saved. 
The 'chosen people' are those who accept the offer -- gentile or otherwise. Every gentile who chooses to repent from sin is grafted onto the 'branch' made possible by the birth into the tribe of Judah of the Son of God. 
The lost tribes of Israel are indistinguishable within this Christian composition. In Christianity there are no Ephraimites, Danites, Manassites or Asherites. There are only Christians. A single tribe remains separated from this unity. And this, only so that the others could be saved. At the end, once all the other tribes and the gentiles have been rescued, even that last separated tribe is destined to be combined in the oneness of Christianity, making the entire House of Israel a single people, the bride, in Yeshua Christ. 
When that happens against both houses of Israel -- both Christians and Jews -- will be united in a bond that will last forever. 
Many would like to believe the House of Israel is no longer relevant or they feel unnerved by the fact it is God's chosen people. Whether you or I fit that distinction or not is not the point. The twelve tribes of God's people will not lose their distinction. If I were to tell you how I really feel, after all is said and done the ones who are saved at the end of the age will be extended families of the Israelites who were sent out into the world in Solomon's day. The Blessings of Abraham went with them and even today it is evident. No one knows who they are, but God knows and he will call many. The sad truth is that although many are called few will know his voice and few will be chosen.  And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal; And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 
The final temple also will be full of the names of the twelve tribes of Israel.
Moreover from the possession of the Levites, and from the possession of the city, being in the midst of that which is the prince's, between the border of Judah and the border of Benjamin, shall be for the prince. 23As for the rest of the tribes, from the east side unto the west side, Benjamin shall have a portion.  24And by the border of Benjamin, from the east side unto the west side, Simeon shall have a portion. 25And by the border of Simeon, from the east side unto the west side, Issachar a portion. 26And by the border of Issachar, from the east side unto the west side, Zebulun a portion. 27And by the border of Zebulun, from the east side unto the west side, Gad a portion. 28And by the border of Gad, at the south side southward, the border shall be even from Tamar unto the waters of strife in Kadesh, and to the river toward the great sea.  29This is the land which ye shall divide by lot unto the tribes of Israel for inheritance, and these are their portions, saith the Lord GOD. 30And these are the goings out of the city on the north side, four thousand and five hundred measures. 31And the gates of the city shall be after the names of the tribes of Israel: three gates northward; one gate of Reuben, one gate of Judah, one gate of Levi. 32And at the east side four thousand and five hundred: and three gates; and one gate of Joseph, one gate of Benjamin, one gate of Dan. 33And at the south side four thousand and five hundred measures: and three gates; one gate of Simeon, one gate of Issachar, one gate of Zebulun. 34At the west side four thousand and five hundred, with their three gates; one gate of Gad, one gate of Asher, one gate of Naphtali. 35It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the city from that day shall be, The LORD is there.  
As you can see the tribes that went north into Europe and the coastlands (The Americas) have been the entire world truly blessed by God.  Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not. 
The ten tribes never went to Asia, so why go there?  And this continued by the space of two years; so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Yeshua, both Jews and Greeks. And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul:   But they heard after a time.
On the same subject an interesting article by David J. Smith (edited)
The personality known in the Bible as Jesus Christ revealed to us in the newer writings that there is a Father God.  Both were instrumental in the creation of the world and placing mankind upon it.  But John 1:1-3, 14 reveals that the Father delegated all responsibility to the Word Who became the Son of man, Son of God, the Great I AM of Exodus 3:13-15.  The Word, before His human birth, was the God that dealt with the human race.  This Great God, the I AM of the Old Testament, is recorded in the very opening Commandment of the Ten as saying that He led Israel out of Egyptian bondage.  It was repeated in Leviticus 22:31-33. In I Corinthian 10:1-4 it identifies this God that led Israel out of Egyptian bondage as being none other than Jesus Christ.
Jesus was the God Who saved Israel as a physical TYPE of deliverance from bondage as He is giving spiritual salvation from sin and death today.  Jesus was the SAME Great I AM that caused His prophets to lay bare what would happen in the future.  He inspired Paul to write to the Ephesus church in chapter 4:11-15 that He still sets in the church prophets to deliver His message to us at the end!  Are we coming to the very time that all the prophetic utterances signified?  Why is it that approximately 51 promises to Israel can never be found in that people we call "Jew" today? While all those promises seem to be fulfilled in the United States and Britain! Why? Solomon was King David's successor to the throne.  David was a man after God's own heart, while Solomon allowed 1,000 women to turn him from God (I Kings 11).  As a result, God allowed the Ten Northern tribes of Israel to rebel against Solomon's son Rehoboam. They became two distinct nations.  Even Bible maps show the Northern Ten tribes called the House of Israel and their borders and the Southern two tribes called the House of Judah.  Judah was comprised of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin - nicknamed Jews.  5Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;   The Bible here clearly relates to a Jew as being a Benjamite.
Whole books in the Old Testament were written to the "House of Israel" only - NOT Judah. You can turn to Zechariah 12-14 to verify that God had certain prophecies directed at Judah and Benjamin only - NOT Israel.  Other times BOTH were mentioned, but still with distinct prophecies for each.  When prophecies that are written to Israel are applied to Judah, they don't fit.  People scratch their heads and say you can't understand the Bible.  NOT SO!  When you let Jesus Christ identify WHO is Judah and WHO is Israel, then we can understand what is about to happen on the world scene.  Notice who Jesus instructed the apostles to eventually go to!  "Go not into the way of the Gentiles  [the nations outside of Israel], and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not. But GO rather to the lost sheep of the House of Israel" (Matthew 10:5-6).  Paul was later sent to the other nations [Gentiles].  Peter and the other Apostles, after the scattering of the church, were sent to the LOST Northern Ten tribes called the House of Israel The Apostles eventually were not heard about any more.  They did what Jesus told them.  They went to northwestern Europe, Gaul or modem France and the British Isles.  Why would I mention these misunderstood events of history.  Because this reveals to us the historically prophetic times in which we live. 
God had foretold WHERE Israel would go after their dispersion.  God had preserved land territory for the Lost Ten tribes FOR TODAY!  "When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he SET THE BOUNDS of the people [nations] according to the number of the children of Israel" (Deut. 32:8).  Later, as old Jacob, whose name  had been changed to Israel, was prepared to BLESS Joseph's two sons Ephraim and Manasseh, he laid his hands on their heads and made them the greatest of the tribes of Israel (Genesis 48 & 49). Jacob prophesied that Ephraim would become a multitude of nations [modern-day term-----Commonwealth] in the LAST days [49:11]. Manasseh was to become the GREATEST single nation in human history in the 'LAST' days [49:1]. Genesis 49:22-27 describes the incredible BLESSINGS of wealth that Ephraim and Manasseh were to receive.  Reuben was the firstborn and was in line to receive a double portion of the birthright blessings over the other brothers.  However, he sinned against his father and was disqualified.  The birthright of great national wealth went to Joseph [Ephraim and Manasseh].  "Now, the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, for he was the firstborn, but, for as much as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the SONS OF JOSEPH the son of Israel;  and the genealogy [of Christ] is NOT  to be reckoned after the birthright.  For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler [Christ]; but the BIRTHRIGHT [of national greatness and wealth] WAS JOSEPH'S" (I Chronicles 5:1-2).  Old Jacob told his sons to gather around and he would tell them what would come upon them in the LAST DAYS (Genesis. 49:1). He described Joseph as the most prosperous nations EVER in history.  They would send foreign aid around the world to EVERY nation. They .were to have the greatest supply of gold, silver, oil and ANY mineral that determined wealth over all other nations.  They would increase in population dramatically. Jesus the Christ would uphold them in military strength until sin overtook them.. As the last days was to come to a close, these two great nations would come, under attack from nations around the world until their power was finally dismantled (Daniel 12:7). Proof of this may be contained in prophecy, 4The first was like a lion (Great Britian), and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man (USA; Uncle Sam), and a man's heart was given to it. 
What two countries in the twentieth century have been the wealthiest of nations? Which nations won World War  I & I I? Which two have sent missionaries around the world preaching the ONLY Savior, Jesus Christ? Which nations have been under attack from the Illuminati's  force of destruction: called Communism? Nations around the world under the influence of Communism are seeking the destruction of the United States and Britain.  The very word British is a combination of two Hebrew. words - "Brit" meaning covenant and  "ish" meaning man.  The name British literally means.- covenant man.  Old Jacob [Israel] laid his hands on Joseph's two sons head and said: "let my name", [Israel] be named on them [Ephraim and Manasseh]" (Genesis 48:16).   Joseph's two sons now had the Biblical authority to wear the name Israel as the leader of that nation.. WHY IS THIS INFORMATION VITAL FOR YOU TO UNDERSTAND?  Without this understanding,. you will not be able to identify WHO is to be involved in the final fulfillment of Bible prophecy.  You may be looking for fulfillment in the House of Judah [called Jews today] while the TRUE fulfillment is being accomplish thousands of miles away in another land and another people.  The scales of blindness will fall off your eyes.  You CAN KNOW who is being talked to in prophecy!
One example: "And these are the words that the Lord spoke concerning Israel AND Judah. For thus saith the Lord,----We have heard a voice of TREMBLING, of FEAR, and not of peace.  Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child? Wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in travail, and ALL faces are turned into paleness? Alas!  For that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob's [Israel's - Joseph's two sons Ephraim and Manasseh - The United States and  Britain] trouble; but he shall be saved out of it. For it shall come to pass ... that I will break his yoke from off thy neck... But they shall serve the Lord their God and David their king, who I will raise up unto them (Jer. 30:4-9).
The prophecies reveal that Judah will be back in Palestine and Jerusalem when this GREAT tribulation tears the nation apart again (Zech. 12-14; Matt. 24 & Luke 21).  They will once again be overrun by the nations. The United States and Great Britain as well as Northwestern Europe, are the direct enemy of ALL, utterances of International Communism for destruction.  President Bill Clinton has even authorized NATO to fix Russia's Y2K problems with their nuclear weapons to prevent an accidental nuclear war.  NATO will rush money and technical personnel.  Lenin stated in the early years of Communism: "First, we shall take Eastern Europe, then the masses of Asia; we shall surround the United States, which will be the last bastion of capitalism. We shall not have to fight, it will fall into our hands like a ripe fruit.  
There is even a major prophecy written to the House of Israel - EZEKIEL  In Chapter 38 &39, it even says Russia and all her allies will come onto the "mountains of Israel", not Judah!  Who does Russia (contrary to popular political and secular beliefs) have her nuclear missiles pointed toward?  The United States!!!  The time setting for Jer.30:4-9 and Ezek.38 & 39 and Matt.24 & Luke 21 are leading up to the worst time in human history. Jesus MUST return to SAVE mankind alive (Matt. 24:21-22). It will be because God has a group that is still faithful called the elect that He will save the world from annihilation. 
One more point to make concerning the prophecies of Manasseh and Ephraim is the prophecies made concerning them.   26The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren. 6   The blessings of Joseph were separate and apart from the other tribes. Let's look at what Moses said about Joseph. 
     And for the precious things of the earth and fulness thereof, and for the good will of him that dwelt in the bush: let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren. His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.  We see Ephraim bigger than the firstborn Manasseh. 
Joseph lived an hundred and ten years. And Joseph saw Ephraim's children of the third generation: the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were brought up upon Joseph's knees.  Joseph saw the offspring of Ephraim of the third generation! How long is that? The days of our lives are seventy years;  And if by reason of strength they are eighty years,
Three generations of Ephraim would be three times eighty or 240 Years by reason of strength which was the prophecy of Joseph. 240 yrs from the birth of the USA in 1776 would be 2016. So, in this last generation of Ephraim we will see all things fulfilled.
Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the children of Israel (12 tribes, 10 being the 'House of Israel' and two 'Jews' Judah and Benjamin) from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land: And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all: Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God. (end of article, some notations)
The study of the 12 tribes would not be complete without looking at a similar story of the scattering of two families. The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.  I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness. Why did God hate Esau? Isn't it strange today as the preachers all say God loves everything and everybody, he just hates the sin. This does not say that and in my small way of thinking I think this makes God far more understandable. I do not believe God loves the wickedness in people or wicked people. Why did God hate Esau? Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright.  Esau despised his mission in life, his birthright, let's see what that is;
1069 bakar { baw-kar'} 
a primitive root; TWOT - 244; v
AV - firstborn 1, new fruit 1, firstling 1, first child; 4
GK - 1144 { rk'B;
1) to be born first
1a) (Piel)
1a1) to bear early, new fruit
1a2) to give the right of the firstborn
1a2a) to make as firstborn
1a2b) to constitute as firstborn
1b) (Pual)
1b1) to be born a firstling
1b2) to be made a firstling
1c) (Hiphil) one bearing her first child
Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field;
Esau did not want to carry the name and lineage forward as was God's plan. I suppose you could say he would have forsaken the plan of God or would have intended to stop it. Was it purposeful that Esau knew his power to stop the lineage through which Jesus would eventually come? My point is that Esau's offspring would become what is now called Russia and Jacob his twin brother would be the children of the promise. Eventually communism and socialism would beset the world through him while the free world would come through Jacob. Jesus said, 'I came to make you free'. If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed. 
Hate is mentioned 87 times in the King James Version. Esau is mentioned 88 times.
In the New KJV hate is mentioned 103 times and Esau is mentioned 103 times.
Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field, 
And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel  God destroyed Babylon, Esau's communism is about to be destroyed. Although it is crippled now it will rise one more time to deceive many. And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.
One final thought. Where the gentiles of the new testament the heathern of the Bible or were they actually the tribes of Israel? Let's take a biblical look. One place we may can find the answer. 
And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;  Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.
   Can a tare be grafted in to the wheat stem? Can a pine be grafted in to an oak tree?
GK - 1666 { ejk }
GK - together with 4053 1735 { ejkperissw`" }
(1)to cut into for the sake of inserting a scion
(2)to inoculate, ingraft, graft in